To run a business you need data, records, reports, analysis, accurate information about assets, debts, liabilities, profits; and that is why Accounting is Importance for any business activities.
The accounting information is very important for the management or the decision making the body of an organization.
Management cannot make the decision without reasonable information for backing it up.
Importance of accounting is enumerated as below:
(i) Systematic records
All the transactions of an enterprise which are financial in nature are recorded in a systematic way in the books of accounts. The records are classified under common heads and summaries are prepared.
(ii) Preparation of financial statements
Results of business operations and the financial position of the concern can be ascertained from accounting periodically through the preparation of financial statements namely, income statement or trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet. This helps in distribution of profits to the owners and to provide funds for future growth of the business.
(iii) Assessment of progress
Analysis and interpretation of financial data can be done to assess the progress made in different areas and to identify the areas of weaknesses. Management is provided with a complete picture of the liquidity, profitability and solvency of the business.
(iv) Aid to decision making
Management of a firm has to make routine and strategic decisions while discharging its functions. Accounting provides the relevant data to make appropriate decisions. Future policies and programmes can be planned by the management based on the accounting data provided.
(v) Satisfies legal requirements
Various legal requirements like maintenance of Provident Fund (PF) for employees, Employees State Insurance (ESI) contributions, Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), filing of tax returns are properly fulfilled with the help of accounting. Preparation of accounts and financial statements as per the legal requirements is also facilitated.
(vi) Information to interested groups
Accounting supplies appropriate information to different interested groups like owners, management,creditors, employees, financial institutions, tax authorities and the government.
(vii) Legal evidence
Accounting records are generally accepted as evidence in courts of law and other legal authorities in the settlement of disputes.
(viii) Computation of tax
Accounting records are the basic source for computation and settlement of income tax and other taxes.
(ix) Settlement during merger
When two or more business units decide to merger, accounting records provide information for deciding the terms of merger and any compensation payable as a consequence of merger.