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Directions (1-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. Digital file sharing has come a long way in recent years and the invention of torrents has made it possible to share large files …(1).. the internet quickly and easily. The idea of a torrent was created in 101 by programmer Bram Cohen. One of the last projects that he worked on during ..(2).. time was called MojoNation, a program that allowed people to break up confidential files ..(3).. small chunks of encrypted data and distribute these chunks on computers that were also running the software. When someone wanted to download a copy of the file, they would have to download it from several computers at once. Cohen thought that this concept was perfect for a file sharing program, because it eliminated the problem ..(4).. many file sharing programs at that time had like slow download speeds because the file was coming ..(5).. one source. A torrent is simply a way of sharing a large file and it is only when the file being downloaded, uploaded, or shared infringes copyright when the process of using the torrent becomes illegal. There are many people out there ..(6).. use torrents to download copyrighted films, video games and music without the authorization of the copyright holder ..(7).. those people are violating copyright law and run the risk of being fined and even sent to jail. In fact, ..(8).. advances in technology it is even easier for these downloads to be tracked and ..(9).. violators to be caught. When used ethically, file sharing with torrents can be an amazing tool that can be employed in a number of helpful and useful ways. It is certainly one of the most important inventions …(10)..the internet age.

1. (a) on    (b) through    (c) from    (d) over    (e) around

2. (a) that    (b) this    (c) those    (d) such    (e) his

3. (a) in    (b) into    (c) of    (d) with     (e) from

4. (a) which    (b) whom    (c) of    (d) from     (e) that

5. (a) through    (b) from    (c) by     (d) towards    (e) with

6. (a) whom   (b) which    (c) that    (d) who     (e) those

7. (a) thus    (b) and    (c) but     (d) since     (e) then

8. (a) with    (b) after    (c) before    (d) through    (e) upon

9. (a) such    (b) from    (c) for    (d) the     (e) these

10. (a) within    (b) of    (c) from    (d) among     (e) to

Directions (11-15): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful Adult tigers will meet socially only during courtship, when a male and female stay together for several days.
After successful mating, the tigress will (11) away the male to (12) the cubs by herself. Cubs are born blind after a gestation period between 96 and 104 days. If their eyes open after two weeks, they do not begin to eat well until the second month. At this stage, they are most (13) to predators like jackals and hyenas as they are left alone for long periods when the tigress is away hunting. Infant mortality is therefore high; a tigress (14) raises more than one cub per litter successfully. She will keep her (15) with her for almost two years, teaching them everything necessary to perfect their survival skills. At the end of this time, she will gently push them away so that she is free to search out a new mate and begin the breeding cycle anew.

11. (a)Run    (b)Give   (c)Throw   (d)Drive   (e)Make

12. (a)Rear   (b)Grow   (c)Lift   (d)Develop   (e)Produce

13. (a)Averse   (b)Vulnerable   (c)Subject   (d)Inclined   (e)Prone

14. (a)Seldom   (b)Usually   (c)That   (d)Only   (e)Sometimes

15. (a)Newborn   (b)Offspring   (c)Descendent   (d)Cub   (e)Child




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