Daily Current Affairs – May 14, 2020

India ranked 74th on the global Energy Transition Index
As per the World Economic Forum (WEF) annual rankings, India has secured the 74th position on the global Energy Transition Index (ETI). In the previous year, India ranked 76th. India showed improvements in all key parameters of economic growth, energy security, and environmental sustainability. In WEF rankings, Sweden topped for a third consecutive year in the ETI.

ICMR to participate in Solidarity trial by WHO for COVID-19 treatment
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) participated in the launch of the global ‘Solidarity’ trial by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The aim of the trial is to help find an effective treatment for COVID-19. The international clinical trial ‘Solidarity’ compares four treatment options against the standard of care to assess their relative effectiveness against COVID-19.

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Low cost PPE developed by Indian Navy for rapid mass production to be patented
Intellectual Property Facilitation Cell (IPFC) of Ministry of Defence, in association with National Research Development Corporation (NRDC), has filed a patent for the low-cost Medical Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) developed by Indian Navy. The aim is to initiate a rapid mass production. The PPE is made of a special fabric that affords a high level of protection along with high breathability as against other PPEs available in the market.

Men are more vulnerable to coronavirus than women
Researchers have found that men seem to be more vulnerable to COVID-19 than women. It suggested the reason might be related to the concentration of the enzyme Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the blood of men and women. The ACE2 enzyme in blood responds to the novel coronavirus and enables it to infect the human cell. ACE2 is also a receptor present on the surface of healthy cells.

DST supports assistive tools to combat challenges faced by Divyangjan, Elderly during COVID-19 pandemic
The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has taken several measures to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 among Divyangjan and Elderly. It has identified various challenges faced by them for finding technological solutions. The Science for Equity Empowerment and Development (SEED) Division of DST has supported organizations that have been instrumental in developing various assistive tools, technologies, and techniques through its programme on Technology Interventions for Disabled and Elderly (TIDE). The programme aims to create inclusiveness and universal accessibility for Divyangjan and Elderly.

PM CARES Fund allocates Rs.3,100 crore for migrant workers, ventilators and vaccine development
Prime Ministers Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations (PM CARES) trust has allocated Rs.3,100 crore for fight against COVID-19 pandemic. Out of the total, a sum of around Rs.2,000 crore will be earmarked for the purchase of ventilators. To tackle COVID-19 cases across the country, 50,000 Made-in-India ventilators will be purchased.

Ministry of AYUSH, CSIR partners to conduct trial for 4 AYUSH formulations to fight coronavirus
The Ministry of AYUSH and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) have partnered to validate four Ayush formulations against COVID-19. The trials are expected to start within one week. The results will be given in 3 months. The partnership is a clinical study multi-centric in different parts of the country and variable design. For this purpose, a task-force has been formed and have prepared guideline for the clinical trial.

KVIC issues revised guidelines to implement Vocal for Local initiative
Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) issued revised guidelines to expedite the implementation of projects under the flagship programme Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) to hand-hold local production. The move comes after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “vocal for local” appeal.

Bhagalpur Smart City uses innovative technological initiatives to fight COVID-19 pandemic
Bhagalpur Smart City Limited (BSCL) has taken several measures to combat COVID-19 using various initiatives. Use of International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and technology for guiding and spreading awareness has been the cornerstone for BSCLs support to the city in the fight against COVID-19.

Finance Minister announced measures for relief and credit support related to businesses
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a Special economic and comprehensive package of Rs.20 lakh crores on 13 May 2020, equivalent to 10% of India’s GDP, for relief and credit support related to businesses, especially Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), to support Indian Economy’s fight against COVID-19 pandemic.

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