The summit between the leaders of the two Koreas is perhaps the most significant(महत्वपूर्ण) step in decades(दशकों/दशाब्दी)towards securing peace on the peninsula. Kim Jong-un on Friday became the first North Korean leader since the 1953 armistice(युद्धविराम/शांति) to step on South Korean soil(भूमि). Not many had foreseen(अनुमान/पहले से भांप लेना) such a rapid turnaround in ties between the two Koreas, given the acrimony(तीखापन/उग्रता) and war rhetoric(भाषण कला/वक्रपटुता) of the recent past. Mr. Kim had stepped up his country’s nuclear weapons programme since assuming(धारण करना/अभिमानी) power in 2011. Last year, U.S. President Donald Trump and he even exchanged nuclear threats(धमकी/आशंका). But it has become evident(स्पष्ट/जाहिर) that Mr. Kim’s primary goal may not be to maintain the North’s nuclear capability(क्षमता) or to live in a perpetually(निरंतर) hostile (शत्रुतापूर्ण) environment(वातावरण). He has signalled(संकेत करना) that he is willing(इच्छुक/अनुकूल)to barter(घाटे का सौदा करना/अदल-बदल का व्यापार) the North’s nuclear capability for economic and security assurances. At their summit, Mr. Kim and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, whose persistence(हठ/दृढ़ता) in breaking the ice was vital(महत्वपूर्ण/जीवनप्रद) to the historic meeting, spared no words in expressing their desire for peace in a “nuclear-free” peninsula. They declared that there would be no more war on the peninsula. There are plans to transform the existing armistice into a peace treaty(संधि/समझौता) with the help of the U.S. and China, to formally end the Korean war by year-end.

The significance of the summit notwithstanding, peace is not a given. In the past, two South Korean Presidents had travelled to the North to meet its leader. The 2007 joint declaration(घोषणा/एलान) after an inter-Korean summit had expressed almost similar goals as in the latest declaration, including(समेत/सहित) on the nuclear issue. Yet relations deteriorated(बिगड़ी/बिगड़ा हुआ), with the international peace process failing to make any progress and the North going back to its nuclear weapons programme. What is different this time is that the inter-Korean summit is to be followed by a meeting between Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump. Mr. Kim first conveyed(सूचित करना/सौंपना) the promise of denuclearisation(परमाणु मुक्त) through(के माध्यम से) visiting South Korean officials. And then he travelled to China to discuss the proposal with President Xi Jinping before meeting Mr. Moon. He announced a freeze on further nuclear tests and said North Korea’s main test site would be shut down, all aimed to show his seriousness of purpose. Mr. Trump has welcomed the Panmunjom summit and said that he expects to meet Mr. Kim within four weeks. Despite(के बावजूद) his promises, Mr. Kim is unlikely to give up his nuclear weapons unless he gets credible guarantees from the U.S., China and other countries. He is likely to also press the U.S. to withdraw its nuclear umbrella from the South. But it is quite extraordinary(असाधारण/निराला) to think that Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim may actually now get down to discussing, face-to-face, steps towards denuclearising the Korean peninsula


Important Vocabulary

Synonyms: ceasefire, truce, suspension, treaty
Antonyms: dispute, fight, war

Synonyms: animosity, belligerence, bitterness, ill will, rancor
Antonyms: good will, love, benevolence, kindness, like

Synonyms: constantly, endlessly, always, forever, continuously
Antonyms: never

4.Barter(घाटे का सौदा करना)
Synonyms: haggle, bargain, exchange, swap, trade
Antonyms: keep

Synonyms: endurance, grit, perseverance, stamina, tenacity
Antonyms:apathy, laziness, lethargy, weakness, idleness

Synonyms: accord, alliance, arrangement, bargain, bond
Antonyms: antagonism, disagreement, discord, misunderstanding, refusal

7.Deteriorated(बिगड़ी/बिगड़ा हुआ),
Synonyms: ramshackle, rickety
Antonyms: improved

8.Conveyed(सूचित करना/सौंपना)
Synonyms: bring, send, transfer, transmit, back
Antonyms: receive, take, deny, discourage, dissuade

9.Assuming(धारण करना/अभिमानी)
Synonyms: domineering, forward, overbearing, bold, conceited
Antonyms: doubting, unassuming

10.Foreseen(अनुमान/पहले से भांप लेना)
Synonyms: expected, likely, predictable, prepared for



Credit To The Hindu News Paper



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