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Merkel’s deal

The German Chancellor averts the government’s fall with a compromise

Angela Merkel, now in her fourth term(शर्त/अवधि) as German Chancellor, has weathered(सहा) many crises(संकट) without jeopardising(जोखिम में डालना) the stability(स्थिरता) of the government in Berlin, or the integrity(प्रामाणिकता/सत्यनिष्ठा) of the eurozone. After an inconclusive(अधूरा/अनिर्णायक) election in September 2017, she held firm against the demands of smaller parties that seemed(दिखाई पड़ना/लगना) incompatible with her moderate(मध्यम/सीमित) and accommodative(अनुकूल/उदार) stance (स्वरूप/रुख ) . In March, the initially(प्रारंभ में/शुरू में) reluctant(असन्तुष्ट/अनिच्छुक) centre-left Social Democratic Party (SPD) saw wisdom(बुद्धिमत्ता/बुद्धिमानी) in reviving(पुनर्जीवित/प्रसन्न करना) the grand(भव्य) coalition(गठबंधन) with Ms. Merkel’s conservative(अपरिवर्तनवादी/रूढ़िवादी) Christian Democratic Union as the only realistic (यथार्थवादी/वास्तववादी) option toavert(टालना/हटाना) another poll. This week she resolved(संकल्प लिया/विचार) a row on the refugee(शरणार्थी) question that could have ended the CDU’s 70-year alliance(संधि/संबंध) with its sister party from Bavaria, the Christian Social Union, and risked her government’s fall. Horst Seehofer, the Interior Minister(गृह मंत्री) from the CSU, wanted migrants(प्रवासियों/) to be immediately(हाथोंहाथ/तत्काल) turned back to the country of their original registration in the European Union. The Chancellor held that the proposal was at odds with the bloc’s principle of free movement as embodied in the Schengen passport-free zone and would undermine EU unity. Under the latest compromise(समझौता), asylum(शरण /आश्रय) seekers(चाहने वालों) registered outside Germany would be accommodated(समायोजित) in transit(परिवर्तन/संक्रमण) centres on the border with Austria and sent directly to the respective(संबंधित ) states. The step represents a victory(विजय) for Mr. Seehofer, a staunch(कठोर/अटल) opponent(प्रतिद्वंद्वी) of the open-doors approach on migration who had threatened(धमकी दी ) to resign(इस्तीफा देने ) form his party and government positions. The compromise is a further dilution(कमजोर पड़ना) of Ms. Merkel’s bold 2015 move to allow about a million refugees(शरणार्थियों) into Germany, which was subsequently (तत्पश्चात्/इस के बाद)softened(नरम) by setting annual limits to curb(नियंत्रण) inflows. As a junior partner in the current coalition, the SPD had expressed(व्यक्त ) scepticism(संदेहवाद over the latest proposal, insisting that it fell outside the scope of the original agreement with the CDU. While echoing(गूंज/प्रतिध्वनियन) the concern(चिंता/मामला) that the transit centres not be reduced to internment camps, Ms. Merkel has given an assurance that people could not be held for long periods under the country’s constitution(संविधान/रचना) .

Clearly, Germany’s major mainstream(मुख्य धारा) parties are faced with the dangers that liberal(उदार/स्वार्थहीन) and centrist forces are up against across the EU and elsewhere. The number of refugee arrivals(आगमन) into Germany has fallen significantly(काफी/महत्व के साथ) since 2016. But the issue has acquired(प्राप्त/अर्जित) renewed urgency in view of elections scheduled for October in Bavaria. The CSU is anxious(चिंतित)/उत्सुक ) to arrest the erosion(कटाव) of its popular base in favour of the far-right Alternative(विकल्प) for Germany (AfD) and has been lurching further to the right itself. The perilous(खतरनाक/जोखिम) consequences(परिणाम) of that slant(तिरछा/झुकाव) have been evident(प्रत्यक्ष/जाहिर) in several EU states, the hollowing out of the political middle-ground and strengthening(वृद्धि/बलकारक) of extreme forces. On the other hand, the reality of mass immigration(आप्रवासन) today calls for a concerted(समेकित/सम्मिलित) approach(दृष्टिकोण) on conflict(संघर्ष) resolution and respect for the rule of law.



Important Vocabulary

Synonyms: balance, cohesion, establishment, security, strength
Antonyms: doubt, instability, spinelessness, uncertainty, weakness

Synonyms: ambiguous, deficient, incomplete, uncertain, unconvincing
Antonyms: adequate, certain, clear, definite, perfect

Synonyms: balanced, bearable, cautious, conservative, gentle
Antonyms: biased, bright, harsh, imbalanced, incautious

4.reviving(पुनर्जीवित/प्रसन्न करना)
Synonyms: arouse, encourage, energize, invigorate, overcome
Antonyms: bore, break, damage, depress, destroy

5.realistic (यथार्थवादी/वास्तववादी)
Synonyms: businesslike, down-to-earth, practical, pragmatic, prudent
Antonyms: excited, impractical, inefficient, irrational, unrealistic

Synonyms: avoid, deter, fend off, foil, forestall, halt
Antonyms: aid, allow, assist, help, support

Synonyms: acumen, caution, experience, foresight, intelligence
Antonyms: ignorance, imprudence, inability, ineptness, stupidity

8.asylum(शरण /आश्रय
Synonyms: haven, refuge, sanctuary, shelter, cover
Antonyms: danger

Synonyms: barrier, ledge, rein, restraint, restriction
Antonyms: freedom, center, encouragement, inside, interior

Synonyms: mirror, parallel, recall, reflect, reiterate
Antonyms: be original, differ, oppose, reverse

11.anxious(चिंतित)/उत्सुक )
Synonyms: afraid, apprehensive, careful, concerned, distressed
Antonyms: bold, brave, calm, collected, composed

Synonyms: leaning, camber, cant, declination, diagonal
Antonyms: evenness, level

Synonyms: delicate, dicey, hazardous, precarious, risky
Antonyms: calm, certain, definite, easy, firm




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