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Daily The Hindu Editorial With Vocabulary in Detail : Uneasy truce on Huawei executive arrest

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Uneasy truce: on Huawei executive arrest

The U.S. action against a top Huawei executive threatens the tariff thaw with China
The 90-day trade(व्यापार) truce(संघर्ष/समझौते/संधि) between China and the United States reached over the weekend on the sidelines of the G20 meet in Argentina is already proving to be fragile(नाजुक ). Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei’s chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou was arrested recently by Canadian authorities, acting on an extradition(प्रत्यर्पण/देना)request from the U.S. Ms. Wanzhou is the daughter of the company’s founder Ren Zhengfei, a former member of the Chinese military. The arrest happened around the time U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping met in Buenos Aires to defuse(शांत) trade tensions between their countries, but news of the arrest broke only on Wednesday. Huawei at this moment has been accused(अभियुक्त/मुलजिम) of breaching(उल्लंघन) American sanctions against Iran, but U.S. lawmakers have also been concerned(चिंतित/संबंधित) about the Chinese government using the company to carry out spying(जासूसी/गुप्तचरी) operations on foreign(विदेशी) soil(भूमि). Last year, it is worth noting, Chinese telecom giant ZTE reached a settlement with the U.S. government over charges of exporting(निर्यात) banned items to Iran. Markets across the world were negatively affected on Thursday as trade tensions looked to flare up once again between the world’s two largest economies.

It is hard to determine( तय करना/निर्धारित ) whether the present U.S. action against the Huawei official is based onlegitimate(उचित/वैध) concerns(मामला/चिंता) about national security or if the U.S. has simply attacked China on yet another front in the ongoing trade war. To be sure, other countries, including Australia and the United Kingdom, have also been quite wary about doing business with Huawei due to the alleged( कथित ) gathering(सभा/सम्मेलन) of intelligence by the company. In particular, they fear that Huawei’s involvement in building their 5G network could lead to problems linked to cyber-espionage(जासूसी). At the same time, radical anti-Chinese politicians in the U.S. have every reason toexaggerate(अतिसंवेदनशील ) national security concerns simply in order to justify protectionist(संरक्षणवादी) sanctions against Chinese companies. Huawei has clearly been seen by many as a serious threat to the global domination(शासन/अधिकार) exerted(लगाया ) by American technology companies. Either way, recent actions are bound to have a negative impact(प्रभाव) on U.S.-China trade ties as the Chinese will not be too happy about the continuing assault(धावा/हमला) on multinational companies which have their roots in China. U.S. concerns about national security are also closely related to accusations against Huawei of violating intellectual property rights with the tacit(अनकहा/सूचित) approval of the Chinese government. The arrest might thus suggest that the U.S. may not go soft on its demand for the protection of intellectual property rights during its talks with the Chinese authorities in the next few months. With the rapid(तीव्र/शीघ्र) escalation(वृद्धि) in trade tensions over the year, it will take serious efforts(प्रयासों) to bring a lasting solution that is acceptable to both American and Chinese politicians.g

Important Vocabulary

1. Truce(संघर्ष/समझौते/संधि)
Synonyms: accord, agreement, amnesty, armistice, cease-fire
Antonyms:continuation, disagreement, persistence, war, go

2. Extradition(प्रत्यर्पण/देना)
Synonyms: deportation, expulsion, banishment, expatriation, ostracism

3. Accused(अभियुक्त/मुलजिम)
Synonyms: arraigned, implicated, incriminated, indicted, charged with
Antonyms: acquitted, clear, discharged

4. Concerned(चिंतित/संबंधित)
Synonyms: anxious, distressed, disturbed, troubled, uneasy
Antonyms: calm, collected, composed, cool, happy

5. Fragile(नाजुक )
Synonyms: delicate, feeble, frail, weak, brittle
Antonyms: able, firm, healthy, strong, durable

6. Breaching(उल्लंघन)
Synonyms: breach, contravene, disobey, encroach, impose
Antonyms: give, obey, receive, comply, discharge

7. Spying(जासूसी/गुप्तचरी) 
Synonyms: surveillance, bugging, observing, prying, voyeurism

8. Exaggerate(अतिसंवेदनशील )
Synonyms: amplify, distort, emphasize, fabricate, falsify
Antonyms: compress, contract, decrease, ignore, lessen

9. Assault(धावा/हमला) 
Synonyms:aggression, charge, incursion, invasion, offensive
Antonyms: retreat

10. Escalation(वृद्धि)
Synonyms: acceleration, growth, increase, rise
Antonyms: decrease, diminishment

11. Rapid(तीव्र/शीघ्र)
Synonyms: accelerated, breakneck, brisk, expeditious, fast
Antonyms: delayed, slow, sluggish, tardy, languishing

12. Gathering(सभा/सम्मेलन
Synonyms: association, caucus, collection, conclave, conference
Antonyms: division, separation, dispersal, individual

13. Domination(शासन/अधिकार)
Synonyms: dictatorship, dominance, influence, oppression, repression
Antonyms: democracy, inferiority, subservience, weakness, inability

14. Tacit(अनकहा/सूचित)
Synonyms: implicit, implied, indirect, unspoken, alluded to
Antonyms: stated, explicit




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