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English Quiz On Parajumble Day 11 Bag

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A)Moreover, salaries in public sector enterprises are not as competitive as those offered by private or foreign corporate.

B)This trend should be a wake-up call for stakeholders to examine why employee are seeking better opportunities with private companies in India and abroad.

C)Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) have been experiencing severe challenges in attracting, motivating and retaining their key staff.

D)Having identified these as the reasons why employees leave PSEs, it is important to empower stakeholders to find ways to remedy the situation.

E)One reason is that young employees lured away by private firms are more willing to undertake professional risks.

F)Employees in specialist roles especially have become increasingly difficult to retain.





A)Ironically, the same parents who are considered to be ignorant are thought to be very enlightened in choosing private schools over state-run ones.

B)This is all the more reason why we should include them during the planning and implementation of the system.

C)This is apparent at every stage from policymaking to implementation as critical decisions are made without the participation of the stakeholders,an attitude that can only be described as either arrogance or indifference.

D)Inreality,every parent decides which school is a good one, based on his/her own set of values,perceptions and aspirations.

E)The root cause of most of the ills that plague our education system is the enormous distance that separates the power centres within the system and the schools where the action takes place.

F)It is often said in defense of such an approach that poor parents are too ignorant to be the partners in a meaningful dialogue.




(A)          The government would do well to accept a cap as well as the two other changes the Congress wants: do away with the 1% Tax on inter-state             sales and resolve tax disputes among the states or between the Centre and the states through a mechanism that excludes parties to the dispute.

(B)          This is less than half the current incidence of cascading indirect taxes on goods.

(C)          A panel chaired by chief economic advisor Arivind Subramanian has reportedly recommended a goods and services tax (GST) rate of 18%.

(D)          And it is redundant as the centre stands ready to compensate the states for any revenue loss during the transition.

(E)          The rate is also the cap that the congress wants prescribed in the GST law.

(F)          Continuing with a tax on inter-state sales on which the buyer cannot claim an input tax credit is against the logic of GST.





(A)          For the balance of power and for the staggered development of the world, it is very important to stop the phenomena of brain-drain.

(B)          For this purpose, development nations should help developing countries with necessary money and resources.

(C)          Ultimately, this will also ensure that each and every nation will have the ability to introduce itself as a development nation.

(D)          This will help a particular country use all skilled citizens for development and proliferation.

(E)          This will ensure that each and every individual on this planet can have a good standard of living.

(F)          But to build these skilled workers at their native places, it is also important to provide them enough work opportunities and living facilities.




  1. Mines in Indonesia, Vietnam, and Australia are the obvious choice.
  2. So, companies are rapidly tying up affordable long-term coal supply.
  3. Coal is the cheapest fuel for power plants and steel factories, and also their single-big-gest recurring cost.
  4. It’s almost a truism now that if we want more electricity and build more cities and infrastructure, the country needs to shop overseas for quality coal.
  5. Demand is growing 10% each year. Ans : DCEBA.




  1. India’s demand for calories from fat has long outstripped supply from our oilseed fields.
  2. As our energy needs spiral, these countries will become as critical for our growth as West Asia for crude oil.
  3. We are increasingly reliant on Malaysia and Indonesia for palm oil, which today sells in four out of every 10 bottles.
  4. Coal is one kind of energy, cooking oil or fat another.
  5. The biggest market for palm oil is south India.

Ans : DACEB.




  1. The hyena-like animal, Palaeonictis wingi, evolved from the size of a bear to the size of a coyote during a 2,00,000 – year period.
  2. Extinct carnivorous mammals shrank in size during a global warming event that occurred 55 million years ago, according to a new University of Florida study.
  3. Following this global warming event, Earth’s temperature cooled and the animal evolved to a larger size.
  4. Earth’s average temperature in this period increased about 15 degrees Fahrenheit.
  5. The study describes a new species that evolved to half the size of its ancestors during this period of global warming.


Ans : BEADC.




  1. She opted for Akshay Kumar instead of SRK for the lead role.
  2. Now Sallu is Farah’s close buddy.
  3. Now priorities have changed and Farah Khan thinks SRK with whom she worked in “Main Hoon Na” and “Om Shanti Om” won’t be suitable for her new flick, “Tees Maar Khan.”
  4. Gone are the days when Farah Khan and Shahrukh Khan used to be think buddies.
  5. The story doesn’t end here, Farah Khan is now friend with the man whom King Khan dislikes the most.


Ans : DCAEB.




  1. She had certainly touched a chord.
  2. That was greeted by much hooting, clapping and thumbs up sings by other ladies.
  3. At one point a spirited lady declared dramatically, “What I really need in my life is a wife!”
  4. “Our” designated area was the smoke and alcohol free zone and “our” conversation was restricted to children, cooking, and maids.
  5. We were at an Independence Day dinner at which two predictable camps had formed without anybody trying-women on one side, men on the other.




  1. We have converted it into something pretty anti-social.
  2. But even here, we get it all wrong.
  3. Our Touchy-Feely selves are pretty hard to restrain as anybody who has ever traveled by public transport in India will confirm.
  4. Indians are total “rascalams” when it comes to taking advantage of gullible foreigners.
  5. What is comparatively new to us in the big cities, involves the art of social kissing-we see on foreign television and in the movies… and increasingly on local entertainment channels.
  6. A social kiss is just that-social.




(A)          At the same time, allowing restaurant drivers to take leftovers home in a ‘doggy bag’ is a common

phenomenon in the US, but the practice is frowned upon in some EU countries.

(B)          An approach to train waste-minimising habits is through cooking classes, for example, the local authority of Brussels trained 1900 people in   2009 on how to minimise waste.

(C)          Caterers can minimise waste by anticipating demand, informed by reservations and customer feedback surveys.

(D)          There are similar education opportunities in the hospitality industry as well.

(E)          Societal efforts are needed to banish this embarrassment.

(F)          The European Parliament has recommended that this practical training be incorporated in school curricula.






(A)          “Anything that you touch will turn into gold” – The king was delighted with his good future.

(B)          Even though he was very rich he always craved for more and more.

(C)          Everything he touched turned into gold. He turned trees, grass, tables, chairs, flowers, and vases into gold.

(D)          One day, he called his court magician and commanded, “Find me a spell that can get me more treasures than I already have”.

(E)          King Midas was a very greedy king.

(F)          The magician said. “Your majesty, I can give you a power that no one else in this world has”.




  1. He did whatever work was assigned to him and soon the lion became so fond of him that he promised to give him a cart full of almonds as pension when he (the squirrel) retired.
  2. Once a squirrel joined the service of the king of the forest, the lion.
  3. The squirrel had waited so long for this day but when he saw the almonds, he was seized with sadness as he realised that they were of no use to him now when he had lost all his teeth.
  4. However, he envied other squirrels in the forest because of their carefree life which he could not enjoy as he had to be by the king’s side all the time.
  5. He consoled himself with the thought that at the end of this career, he would receive a cart full of almonds, a food that only a few squirrels got to taste in their lifetime.
  6. Finally, the day came when it was time for him to retire and so promised the king gave a grand banquet in his honour and presented him with a cart full of almonds.




  1. Is the international scholarly pecking order about to be overturned?
  2. They have been unsurpassed since World War II in the sheer volume and excellence of the scholarship and innovation that they generate.
  3. They are building new universities, improving existing ones, competing hard for the best students, and recruiting US-trained PhDs to return home to work in university and industry labs.
  4. For decades, research universities in the United States have been universally acknowledged as the world’s leaders in science and engineering.
  5. But there are growing signs that the rest of the world is gaining ground fast.




  1. There is no question that the academic enterprise has become increasingly global, particularly in the sciences.
  2. Half of the world’s top physicists no longer work in their native countries.
  3. Nearly three million students now study outside their home countries – a 57% increase in the last decade.
  4. Tsinghua and Peking universities together recently surpassed Berkeley as the top sources of students who go on to earn American PhDs.
  5. Foreign students now dominate many US doctoral programs, accounting for 64% of PhDs in computer science, for example.
  6. Faculty are on the move, too.
  7. And major institutions such as New York University and the University of Nottingham are creating branch campuses in the Middle East and Asia.


Ans : 1BDCEA7.



  1. The expansion of knowledge is not a zero-sum game.
  2. Indeed, the economic benefits of a global academic culture are significant.
  3. On the contrary, it enhances what America knows and can accomplish.
  4. More PhD production and burgeoning research in China, for instance, doesn’t take away from America’s store of learning.
  5. Chinese research may well provide the building blocks for innovation by US entrepreneurs – or those from other countries.
  6. Because knowledge is a public good, intellectual gains by one country often benefit others.
  7. Just as free trade benefits both consumers and the most efficient producers, global academic competition has enormously positive consequences for individuals, universities, and countries.

Ans : 1CBEDA7.



  1. Two weeks back, a Himalayan desert town, Leh was ravaged by a fatal cloudburst – but scientists insist that there isn’t sufficient evidence to confirm that it occurred as a result of global warming.
  2. According to New  Scientist, climate scientist Jayaraman Srinivasan  of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore said that the number of                                extreme events such as cloudbursts would increase with rising global temperature.
  3. On 6th August, however, the cloudburst that attacked Leh, led to flash floods and mudslides, washing away houses that weren’t built to withstand such rainfall.
  4. Heavy rainfall is common elsewhere in the Himalayas, but not in Ladakh.
  5. Instead, it’s a rain shadow area, making it a cold, high-altitude desert and receives a meagre average of 15 millimeters of rain during August.
  6. More than 150 people have died and hundreds more are missing.
  7. But added that there is not enough evidence to pin the Leh cloudburst on global warming.

Ans : CDBEA.



  1. One powerful force is the use of language to tell stories.
  2. But there is no Darwinian payoff to sacrificing our resources to anonymous strangers, particularly those in faraway lands.
  3. These can motivate us to think of distant people as if they were friends and family.
  4. There is an adaptive logic to being kind to those with whom we continually interact; we scratch their backs, they scratch ours.
  5. The explanation for our expanded morality comes from intelligence, imagination, and culture.

Ans : DBEAC.



  1. Indeed, one recent study found that spending money on others is more rewarding than spending it on oneself.
  2. It feels good to be good.
  3. The paradoxical finding here is that one great trick to being happy is to forget about being happy and instead try to increase the happiness of others.
  4. The effects of our kindness are not zero-sum.
  5. Those who receive charity have their lives improved, but those who provide it also benefit.
  6. It’s not just short-term pleasure: those who donate wealth and time to others tend to be a lot happier in their entire lives than those who do not.




  1. The United States, as the most powerful member of the international system, tends to prefer ad hoc

approaches to global governance.

  1. With its vast resources and alliances, ad hoc solutions allow the US to advance its interests effectively without the entanglements of more enduring rules, customs, and structures.
  2. Europeans prefer a more systematic reliance on the rule of law, and also on what has come to be known as the global public-goods paradigm.
  3. Adherents of this view point first and foremost to the existence of certain vital global public goods, climate being the most obvious example.
  4. By definition, public goods mean a collective-action problem.
  5. The global public-goods paradigm also implies some commensurability, if not uniformity, in the way we respond to various global collective- action challen




  1. A slight move of the steering wheel in the wrong direction would wreak havoc, but we

cruise carefree, because we have reasonable expectations about the behavior of other drivers.

  1. That framework has to be based on global civics, a system of conscious responsibilities that we are ready to take on-and corresponding rights that we are ready to claim-after due deliberation.
  2. In an increasingly interdependent world, we need a corresponding global framework to put our minds at relative ease.
  3. Every day millions of people drive at high speeds encased in a ton of metal, and they do so extremely close to others who are doing the same thing.
  4. Our expectations of other drivers, which serve to mitigate the theoretical risks of driving, can exist because people adhere to a framework of laws, habits and conventions about how to operate automobiles.

Ans : DAECB.



  1. On a worldwide scale, nuclear energy is thus only a small component of the global energy mix, and its

share, contrary to widespread belief, is not on the rise.

  1. Yet that renaissance never seems to come.
  2. In July 2010, there was a total of 439 nuclear power plants with a net installed capacity of 373.038 GW(e), about 1.2 GW(e) more than at the beginning of 2006.
  3. Nuclear fission’s contribution to total electric energy has decreased from about 18% more than ten years ago to about 14% in 2008.
  4. Repeatedly in recent years there have been calls for a revival of civilian nuclear power.
  5. Indeed, of the more than 200 countries in the world, only 30 use nuclear power.



  1. Wind whips off the North Sea, blasting the shelters made of tarps, tents, plastic sheeting and scrap lumber in this sprawling, ramshackle end of the line.
  2. The roads in the camp are muddy; the portable toilets are filthy.
  3. On the outskirts of the northern French town of Calais, a massive, makeshift refugee camp called “The Jungle” grows daily, swelling with asylum-seekers fleeing war in Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Sudan and beyond.
  4. Their countries of origin are a map of the targets of U.S. bombing campaigns.
  5. More than 6,000 people in this, France’s largest refugee camp, hope for a chance to make the last, dangerous leg of their journey through the nearby channel tunnel to England.

Ans : CDEAB .



  1. Accessing either type of train involves significant risk, and accidental deaths occur almost weekly

when people leap onto moving trains or stumble under vehicle tires.

  1. Most who arrive here have endured arduous journeys of thousands of miles, hoping to cross to the United Kingdom.
  2. A few days before we visited the camp, a Sudanese man named Joseph was killed when he was run over by a car on the highway.
  3. Camp residents were protesting that the police had not stopped the driver, holding signs reading “We are Humans, Not Dogs” and “Do survivors of war not have the right to live in peace?”
  4. The channel tunnel offers asylum-seekers a way to make it to the U.K. without risking a dangerous crossing of the English Channel, by stowing away on either a high-speed passenger train or a freight train.

Ans : BEACD .



  1. The Senate panel was called “Going Dark: Encryption, Technology, and the Balance between Public

Safety and Privacy.”

  1. FBI Director James Comey appeared before a Senate Committee on Wednesday, July 8, along with

U.S Deputy Attorney General Sally Quillian Yates.

  1. “Going Dark” is a term used when people encrypt their communications.
  2. A joint statement from the duo, delivered by Yates, acknowledged “citizens have the right to communicate with one another in private without unauthorised government surveillance – not simply because the Constitution demands it, but because the free flow of information is vital to a                              thriving democracy.”
  3. As the meeting convened, the frailty of our networks was on display for the world: The New York Stock Exchange was shut down for half a day, supposedly due to a computer “glitch”; United Airlines grounded flights when it lost access to its computer systems; and The Wall Street                                       Journal website was down due to “technical difficulties.”

Ans : BEACD .



  1. An unusually complex magnetic eruption on the Sun has flung a large cloud of electrically charged

particles towards our planet, scientists have warned.

  1. The explosion was aimed directly towards racing 93 million miles across space.
  2. Several satellites, including NASAs new Solar Dynamics Observatory, recorded a small solar flare erupting above sunspot 1092, the size of the Earth.
  3. The Earth could be hit by a “solar tsunami” anytime now.
  4. The satellites also recorded a large filament of cool gas stretching across the Sun’s northern hemisphere also exploded into space.


Ans : DACEB.



  1. Take the belief that there are currently at least one thousands kangaroos alive in Australia. That belief is true, although it need not have been.
  2. the claim that any contingent truth could instead have been false is not the fallibilist claim, because fallibilism is not a thesis about truths in themselves.
  3. So, the belief is only contingently true.
  4. But even if we were to accept that all truths are only contingently true, we would not be committed to fallibilism.
  5. By definition, any contingent truth could have failed to be true.
  6. It could have been false – in that the world need not have been such as to make it true.
  7. The recognition that contingent truths exist is not what underlies fallibilism.
  8. Instead, it is about our attempts in themselves to accept or believe truths. It concerns a kind of fundamental limitation first and foremost upon our powers of rational thought and representation.

Ans : 1EBDCFA8.



  1. Most of us are certain that we have free will, though what exactly this amounts to is much less certain.
  2. Minimally, to say that an agent has free will is to say that the agent has the capacity to choose his or her course of action.
  3. According to David Hume, the question of the nature of free will is “the most contentious question of metaphysics.”
  4. Let us then understand free will as the capacity unique to persons that allows them to control their actions.
  5. If this is correct, then figuring out what free will is will be no small task indeed.
  6. But animals seem to satisfy this criterion, and we typically think that only persons, and not animals, have free will.
  7. It is controversial whether this minimal understanding of what is means to have a free will actually requires an agent to have a specific faculty of will.

Ans : BDAEC.



(A)          Man’s mind is complex and a crucial entity and its capabilities are far-reaching in respect of its power

to dictate and shape each one’s lot in samsara.

(B)          While one learns to accept the inevitability of ageing and death that affect the body, hunger and thirst that pertain to one’s prana are perceived                      as natural demands that are to be met.


(C)          Old age and death, hunger and thirst, sorrow and delusion — are the basic challenges of human life.

(D)          The very purpose of human life is lost and defeated by failing to hold the mind in check.

(E)          To lead the mind in the right direction is a tall order, for it is the source of endless desires.


Ans : CBAED.



(A)          “We start early, at 4.30a.m. or 5 a.m. The roads are wide and fairly empty at that time. Yet, a few precautions are necessary,” says runner                                Babitha Xavier.

(B)          One of the best ways to discover a city is on foot.

(C)          Secunderabad Runners, an offshoot of Hyderabad Runners group, has many runners settled in Secunderbad.

(D)          Some of the runners provide commentaries on heritage sites as well.

(E)          Runners explore different routes that pass through historical churches, temples and hills dotting Secunderabad.

Ans : BCEDA.



(A)          How you feel should define how you look and not the other way round. It always helps to analyse

your own strengths and weaknesses, and once you are aware of your positives, work towards enhancing those.

(B)          Thus, not deriving your self-worth from what others think of you goes a long way in making you feel secure and happy.

(C)          Granted, majority of people struggle with body image issues. Mostly women, who are burdened with pressures — culturally and socially — to                            look a certain way.

(D)          Most of these ideas are fed to them, from the glamour world – films and models.

(E)          It’s more socially acceptable for women to speak up about their physical insecurities, but men take longer to open up because of fear of being                        considered vain.

(F)          It’s not just women who battle body image issues. Men face them too, and it affects them as much as it does the fairer sex.




  1. The need to identify a suitable mate is such a strong biological urge that the animal kingdom has

spawned a bewildering array of courtship rituals.

  1. Humans also use dance as part of courtship but is has been difficult for scientists to pin down exactly what it is about a dance that appeals to members of the opposite sex.
  2. Such competitive displays depend on the speed, strength and size of an animal, which is why they convey a measure of reproductive fitness.
  3. Scorpions and sandhill cranes, for instance, dance to impress.
  4. Hippo males fling their faeces, and humpback whales sing and leap above the ocean surface.
  5. Dancing is popular among animals for similar reasons.
  6. This is because factors such as facial attractiveness, height and even social status tend to confound any attempt to judge the relative merits of a person’s gyrations.

Ans : DBECA.



  1. Carbon fibre is an expensive alternative to making things in steel or aluminium, but besides being extremely strong it is also very light.
  2. When his Formula 1 can be cartwheeled in a spectacular 306 kph crash at the recent Valencia Grand Prix, what helped him to escape unscathed was the immensely strong carbon-fibre “tub” that racing drivers now sit in.
  3. But if work by Germany’s BMW proves successful, it could also become the material of choice to mass-produce electric cars.
  4. It is found in high-performance parts, like aircraft wings, bits of supercars and the frames of pricey mountain bikes.
  5. Mark Webber has a lot to thank tiny strands of carbon for.


Ans : EBADC.



  1. Arguments for legalising prostitution depend on the strength of two arguments: that prostitution is a choice for those in it and that the harms of prostitution are decreased if it is legalised. There is little evidence that either of these arguments is true.
  2. They usually have options for escape.
  3. For most, prostitution is not a freely-made choice because the conditions that would permit genuine choice are not present: physical safety, equal power with buyers, and real alternatives.
  4. But zombie theories about prostitution never seem to die no matter how many facts we beat them down with.
  5. The few who do choose prostitution are privileged by class or race or education.
  6. Only a tiny percentage all women in prostitution are there because they choose it.
  7. Most women in prostitution do not have viable alternatives. They are coerced into prostitution by sex inequality, race/ethnic inequality, and economic inequality.










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