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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. like (IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, RBI, LIC AAO, etc.) you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction GrammarCapsules are aimed at helping you learn a little bit of Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 10 which deals with the concept of “Subordinating Conjunctions“. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 10 as PDF.
Error Spotting Capsule 10: Subordinating Conjunctions – Part 1
Conjunctions are the words used to link together two different parts (clauses) of a sentence.
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I’m going to Liza’s school.
Her teacher wants to meet me.
I’m going to Liza’s school because her teacher wants to meet me.
Here, the clause ‘I’m going to watch a movie‘ is the main clause – stand alone and meaningful.
‘It’s my free time!’
Did anyone ask you?
Why are you saying this?
What’s the relevance of saying this?
This part is not so independent as the main clause and we need additional information to understand the meaning (situation, scene, complete picture, whatever you love to call it).
Thus, a subordinate conjunction like as connects an otherwise non-meaningful clause to a meaningful clause.
Here are some of the subordinate conjunctions:
|after||After coming from the office,
she went to meet her friend.
|as||I couldn’t go there as I had a meeting.|
|as long as/
as soon as
|Let us be honest as long as the life lasts.He rushed to the hospital as soon
as he heard the news.
|because||I’m everything I am because
you loved me.
|before||Before you leave, please close the windows.|
|by the time||By the time he reached there,
the show was finished.
|even if||Even if I got it for free, I won’t take it.‘Even if’ is used in a
supposition or hypothesis.
It refers to an imaginary or unreal situation.
|every time||Every time I go there, his dog barks at me.|
|if||I will take my umbrella if it rains.‘If’ indicates an emergency preparation.
You should do an action after something
happens or might happen.
|in case||I will take my umbrella in case it rains.‘In case’ indicates a precautionary action.
You should do an action before something
happens or might happen.
|lest||They feared to spare him lest he should
report the matter to the king.
|now that||Now that Angie’s English has improved,
she feels more confident at work.
|once||Once I finish this, I will go to sleep.|
|since||He couldn’t deliver the parcel since no
one was there to answer the door.
|so that||I woke up early in the morning so that
I could finish the assignment.
|than||He’s taller than I am.|
|though / although
/ even though
|Though they liked it, they didn’t buy it.|
|till||Let’s wait here till the rain stops.|
|unless||They don’t come unless you invite them.|
|until||No one left the room until the talk ended.|
|when||When I was young, we had only a radio.|
|where||Where you find mines, put up a flag.|
|whereas||African elephants have up to 21 pairs of
Asian elephants have a maximum of 20 pairs.
|whether (or not)||She asked whether I wanted to
go there (or not).
|while||Lets watch some T.V. while
he prepares dinner.
|wherever||Wherever you go, I will be there.|
Spot the error in the following sentences
- Please return your registration form until you leave the room.
- I’m not sure if I can meet Hari. When I meet him, I will convey your message.
- Although she has enough money, she can buy it.
Here are the answers!!
- Please return your registration form
untilbefore you leave the room.
We can’t use until or till to mean ‘in advance of’ and we use before.
- I’m not sure if I can meet Hari.
WhenIf I meet him, I will convey your message.
We use when to refer to a future situation or condition that we are certain of, whereas we use if to introduce a possible or unreal situation.
AlthoughSince / As she has enough money, she can buy it.
Although means ‘in spite of’.