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If you are preparing for competitive exams of Banking, SSC, etc. you will encounter English Language and Comprehension sections. One of the most important aspects of the English section, in any exam, is to learn to Spot Errors and Correct Sentences. These Error Spotting and Sentence Correction Grammar Capsules are aimed at helping you learn a little Grammar every day. Let us start with Error Spotting Capsule 2 which deals with the concept of “Either…Or” and “Neither…Nor”. You can even download Error Spotting Capsule 2 as PDF.
The teacher said, “We have both football and volleyball. But, we cannot play both now. Either we can play football, or we can play volleyball; the choice is yours.”
The teacher said, “We don’t have a chessboard or a carrom board. We can play neither chess nor carrom, now.“
Rules for “Either… or” and “Neither… nor”
Spot the error in the following sentences
Here are the answers!!!
Explanation 1: Neither Siya nor Raj
or nor Priya went there. When more than two options are given, each extra option must be added with a ‘nor’ before it in the case of neither… nor and with an ‘or’ in the case of either… or.
Explanation 2: Either
they or she has she or they have to do that. The plural subject must be kept closer to the verb and the verb must agree with that plural subject (because it is the last noun/pronoun of the subject and the verb always agree with the last one).
Explanation 3: No error. The plural subject is kept closer to the verb and the verb agrees with the last noun/pronoun of the subject part.
Explanation 4: Either Ram or
I are I am going to clean the floor. ‘Ram or I’ may trick you to assume the subject is plural (both Ram and I are mentioned, two persons, and hence, plural! But NOT!!!). ‘Either Ram or I’ means one of us and hence, the subject is singular. The verb must agree with the last one, here, I.
Explanation 5: No error.