Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
▪The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India’s premier nuclear research facility headquartered in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
▪BARC is a multi-disciplinary research centre with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development covering the entire spectrum of nuclear science, engineering and related areas.
=>Homi Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
▪Abbreviation : BARC
▪Motto : Atoms in the service of the Nation
▪Formation : January 3, 1954
▪Founder : Homi J. Bhabha
▪Legal status : Operational
▪Purpose : Nuclear research
▪Headquarters : Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra
▪Director : K. N. Vyas
▪Parent organisation : Department ofAtomic Energy
▪ Budget : ₹3,159 crore (US$490 million)
▪Website : barc.gov.in
-> About :
▪BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.
▪It manages all facets of nuclear power generation, from theoretical design of reactors, computerised modelling and simulation, risk analysis, development and testing of new reactor fuel materials, etc.
▪It also conducts research in spent fuel processing, and safe disposal of nuclear waste. Its other research focus areas are applications for isotopes in industries, medicine, agriculture, etc. BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.
-> India and the NPT
-India is not a part of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), citing concerns that it unfairly favours the established nuclear powers, and provides no provision for complete nuclear disarmament.
-Indian officials argued that India’s refusal to sign the treaty stemmed from its fundamentally discriminatory character; the treaty places restrictions on the non-nuclear weapons states but does little to curb the modernisation and expansion of the nuclear arsenals of the nuclear weapons states.
-More recently, India and the United States signed an agreement to enhance nuclear cooperation between the two countries, and for India to participate in an international consortium on fusion research, ITER ( International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) so there are signs that the west wants to bring India in the Nuclear mainstream.