Hello, the candidate we have seen so many are struggling to solve Seating arrangement, actually, it is one of the important, logical and easy topic. Anyone can score if you just remember these tips we specified below.There are various models in the seating arrangement like:
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Single row arrangement
Double row arrangement
There is some basic model to solve sitting arrangement just remember the points to solve the question easily.
1. Read the entire puzzle and understand the statements correctly
2. Identify the statements that give definite information.
For instance, let us take three statements and evaluate them
Statement (a): A is to the left of B.
The data in the statement is basic but not definite as the statement ONLY says that A is to the left of B. but, it does not specify where A is located from B.
Statement (b): A is second to the left of B. The data in the statement is definite as it clearly states that A is placed second to the left of B.
Statement (c): T is between Q who plays football and P in order of seating in a row. It can be understood as ‘T is between Q and P. So, they may be seated as QTP or PTQ (so, the data is not definite) and ‘Q plays football’.
3. Search for the connecting information.
4. Figure out the seating arrangement by clearly identifying the directions Persons sitting in a ROW all facing same direction:
Persons sitting in two rows facing each other:
Persons sitting in a CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing the center:
Seated to the left = Take clockwise direction
Seated to the right = Take Anti-clockwise direction
Persons sitting in two CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing away from center:
Seated to the left = Take Anti-clockwise direction
Seated to the right = Take clockwise direction
Now let us discuss this with an example:
A, B, C, D, E. F, G, and H are sitting around a circle facing the center.
a) E is to the immediate right o A, who is second to the right of G.
b) D is not an immediate neighbor of C or H.
c) F is third to the right of C and second to the left of H.
Now, let us discuss how to understand the statements correctly:
The statement (a) says: E is to the immediate right of A. A is second to the right of G.
The statement (c) says: F is third to the right of C. F is second to the left of H.
Normally, we will be tempted to solve the question by picking up point by point from first. But, that is not correct. We should be careful in selecting the points to solve the puzzle by searching for definite information. Here, though (a) and (c) are definite points, we have to pick up (c) first as this point is connected to the point (b) (as ‘C’ and ‘H’ are discussed in both the points). In case, we take the point (a) it is difficult to solve the question.
Though you find it difficult at first after practicing a few you will play with them as you did with other topics.All the best…
Some basic tools to design sitting arrangement:
So, there you have it dear friends, in puzzles and seating arrangement – nothing beats practice – there are ‘ways or methods’ to solve these sums – but ultimately there is no ‘shortcut’ trick’.
We will discuss the ‘ways’ to solve seating arrangement.
- The kinds:
There can be two ways of seating people in a circle (could be a square too – doesn’t make a difference), where people are sitting:-
(i) facing inwards – towards the center of the circle,
(ii) facing outward – away from the center of the circle.
- When facing inwards:
Where all the persons to be arranged face the center – then
i. all their ‘rights’ is in the anti-clockwise direction,
ii. their ‘lefts’ is in the clockwise direction.
So, when they ask who’s to the left of D, in the above diagram – close your eyes – picture yourself to be D – answer will be A.
If picturing in the head is confusing – take the rough sheet you’ve drawn the diagram on and turn it around! Turn it around so that D is directly in front of you – so you become D and now according to your left/right direction – answer the questions!
Nothing simpler and easier than that!!
- When facing outwards:
Where all the persons to be arranged face the center – then
i. all their ‘rights’ is in the clockwise direction,
ii. their ‘lefts’ is in the anti-clockwise direction.
Here too, try visualizing yourself in their places to answer – or else turn the papers around.
- How to seat them:
This is the problem area for most – how to correctly seat Mr. A, B and C!
Let me try breaking this ‘problem’ down to smaller problems and then we’ll tackle ‘em!
(i) Draw a circle – mark the places (4/6/7/8) – and then start reading the question!
(ii) Arrange the information in every sentence – if possible – if not – write it down beside you circle in shorthand – to be arranged when further information clarifies the position.
(iii) If you find a situation where, supposing, A can be seated in 2 different places – then, go ahead with one place and arrange the rest accordingly – if you successfully arrange the entire thing – then the A’s place which you had arbitrarily decided is the correct place!
If it is not correct you’ll find that your arrangement of A’s position is contradicting as per other information in the question and you can then chose the other A’s possible position.
Okay, another one – if P has two possible ways to be seated – namely Seat 1 and Seat 2. You are not understanding from the available information, where to seat P. So you, arbitrarily seat him in either Seat 1 or Seat 2.
Let’s say you seated him at Seat 2 – ok – now go ahead and try seating the others as per the rest of the information in the question.
If you are able to seat ‘em all without any contradictions or problems, you have successfully solved the question and P’s seat that you chose is correct.
And if you find a contradiction of P’s Seat 2 – then you immediately know for sure that Seat 2 is not the right place of P and it has to be Seat 1, as there were only 2 possibilities!
(iv) Always arrange those person’s around your circle, whose positions are 100% clear and accurate. Keep the persons who you have a doubt on a little farther away so you know who’s definitely sitting correct and who you need to revise the seating for!
Or, put a tick on the persons who are seated correct.
This brings clarity to the fact that – these people are sitting right and these places are not available for further arrangement – the rest need to be arranged in the available places only.
(v) If there are 4/6/8/10 persons, i.e., even number of people and all facing one particular direction – then 2nd/ 3rd / 4th / 5th to the left or right is always the person sitting opposite!
(vi) Where some are facing outward and some facing inward, then mark the places with arrows pointing inward/outward.
Like in this figure, A and D are facing outward and so their arrows are pointing away from the center; while, B and C are facing inward with their arrows pointing towards the circle.
I usually more my rough sheet around without wasting my time and get the positions correct!
(vii) Practice! The Golden Rule to solving Seating Arrangements – advocated everywhere by everyone is – LOTS OF PRACTICE!
Honestly, This is the Best technique to solved the questions.