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The Census of India 2011 was organized in two stages as trails House listing and Housing Census and Population Enumeration. The population of India has augmented by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011. As per 2011 Census population report of India is pegged at 1.21 billion, a surge of more than 181 million in the last 10 years. Here we are giving the key facts and data of Census of India.

The 15th Census of India and the 7th Census of Independent India-2011 was started on 1st April 2010 with President being the first citizen to be enumerated, followed by Vice President of India. The slogan of census 2011 was ‘Our Census, Our future’. C. Chandramouli was the Census Commissioner of India 2011.

Census of India 2011 was conducted in two stages:

  • House listing & Housing Census: (April to September 2010)
  • Population Enumeration (9th to 28 February 2011)

The population of the nation as per the provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1210.19 million of which 623.7 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous State in the India which is considered as the population more than the population of Brazil.

Five largest Populous State of the Country
Highest Populous State – Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh 19,95,81,477
Maharashtra 11,23,72,972
Bihar 10,38,04,637
West Bengal 9,13,47,736
Andhra Pradesh 8,46,65,533
Five least Populous State of the Country
Least Populous UT – Lakshadweep, Sikkim is the least populous state
Lakshadweep 64,429
Daman & Diu 2,42,911
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 3,42,853
Andaman & Nicobar islands 3,79,944
Sikkim 6,07,688
Density of Population (person per sq. km)
Density of Population in India 382
Highest Density in State Delhi (11297)
Lowest Density in State Arunachal Pradesh (17)
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)
Sex ratio in India 940
Child (0-6 years) sex ratio 914
Highest sex ratio in state Kerala (1084)
Lowest sex ratio in UTs Daman & Diu (618)
Highest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Mizoram (971)
Lowest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Haryana (830)
Literacy Rate in India
Highest Literacy Rate in state: Kerala – 93.11%
Lowest Literacy Rate in state: Bihar – 63.82%.
Total Person Literacy Rate 74%
Males 82.14%
Females 65.46%


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