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census, a term that you may have heard before may be while giving your details to a government official who comes to your house. It does not happen every year so those of you who were born after 2011 may not know the existence of this word.

India saw its last census seven years ago in 2011 and it will again be conducted in 2021 as it happens in an interval of 10 years.

Every country needs basic information on its residents for the purposes of planning, development, and improvement of the residents’ quality of life.

  • Census is the basis for reviewing the country’s progress in the past decade, monitoring the ongoing schemes of the government and plan for the future
  • Census provides detailed and authentic information on demography, economic activity, literacy and education, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, fertility and mortality, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, language, religion, migration, disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data.

Census 2011

A population Census is the process of collecting, compiling, analyzing and disseminating demographic, social, cultural and economic data relating to all persons in the country, at a particular time in ten years interval.

Census 2011 is the 15th Census of India since 1872.

Census 2011 was held in two phases:

• House listing & Housing Census (April to September 2010)

• Population Enumeration (9th to 28th February 2011)

Dr. C Chandramauli is Registrar General and Census Commissioner of Census 2011.

Motto : Our Census Our Future

Administrative Divisions

No. of States

29

No. of Union Territory

7

No. of Districts

640

Population

Total Population of India

1,210,193,422

Rate of Growth

17.64 % ( Compared to Census 2001 )

How much % of world population is Indian

17 %

Urban Population

28.6 Cr ( 31.16 % )

Rural Population

74.3 Cr ( 68.84 % )

Total Male Population

623,724,248

Total Female Population

586,469,174

State with Highest Population

Uttar Pradesh

State with Lowest Population

Sikkim

Union Territory with Highest Population

Delhi

Union Territory with Lowest Population

Lakshadweep

District with Highest Population

Thane ( Maharashtra )

District with Lowest Population

Dibang Valley ( Arunachal Pradesh )

Area

Total Area of India

32,87,263 km^2

Largest State

Rajashthan

Smallest State

Goa

Largest Union Territory

Andaman & Nicobar

Smallest Union Territory

Lakshadweep

Largest District

Kachchh ( Gujarat )

Smallest District

Mahe ( Puducherry )

Density

Density per person per km of India

382

State with Highest Density

Bihar ( 1102 per sq.km )

State with Lowest Density

Arunachal Pradesh ( 17 per sq.km )

U/T with Highest Density

Delhi ( 11297 per sq.km )

U/T with Lowest Density

Andaman and Nicobar Islands ( 46 per sq.km )

Literacy

Total

74.04 %

Male

82.14 %

Female

65.46 %

State with Highest Literacy

Kerala ( 93.90 % )

State with Lowest Literacy

Bihar ( 63.82 % )

District with Highest Literacy

Serchhip ( Mizoram ) – 98.76 %

District with Lowest Literacy

Alirajpur ( Madhra Pradesh ) 37.22 %

Highest Literacy Rate City

Aizwal ( Mizoram ) – 98.36 %

Highest Literacy Rate City

Sambhal ( UP ) – 48.28 %

Sex Ratio ( Per 1000 )

Sex Ratio of Country

940

Child Sex Ratio of Country

919

State with Highest Sex Ratio

Kerala ( 1084 )

State with Lowest Sex Ratio

Haryana ( 879 )

U/T with Highest Sex Ratio

Pondicherry ( 1037 )

U/T with Lowest Sex Ratio

Daman and Diu ( 618 )

City with Highest Sex Ratio

Kozhikode ( Kerala ) 1093

City with Highest Sex Ratio

Bhiwandi ( Maharashtra ) 709

State with Highest Child Sex Ratio

Arunachal Pradesh ( 972 )

State with Lowest Child Sex Ratio

Haryana ( 834 )

Other Important Facts :

Most Urbanized State/UT

Delhi ( 97.50 % Urban Population )

Least Urbanized State/UT

Himachal Pradesh ( 10.03 % Urban Population )

Religion with Majority

Hindu ( 79.80 % )

Highest Decadal Growth State

Meghalaya ( 27.80 %)

Least Decadal Growth State

Nagaland ( -0.50 % )

100 % Banking Covered State

Kerala

100 % Banking Covered District

Palakkad ( Kerala )

Population Below Poverty Line

27.5 %

State with Highest BPL population

Orissa ( 46.4 % )

State with Lowest BPL Population

Jammu and Kashmir ( 5.4 % )

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